The Protocol was closed for signature on 1 February 2012. The most recent countries to sign the Protocol are: Cambodia, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Egypt, El Salvador, Guinea Bissau, Honduras, Ireland, Kenya, Lebanon, Mongolia, Nigeria, the Republic of Moldova, Senegal, Thailand, and Ukraine.
The Nagoya Protocol, which was opened for signature on 2 February 2011, will enter into force 90 days after the deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification. Two countries, Gabon and Jordan, have thus far ratified the Protocol.
Ahmed Djoghlaf, Executive Secretary to the Convention on Biological Diversity, said: “The signature of these 91 countries and the European Union effectively demonstrates that the international community is committed to early entry into force of this unique legal instrument at the service of sustainable development. I call on all Parties who have not yet done so to expedite their internal procedure of ratification in 2012, which coincides with the twentieth anniversary of the opening of signature of the Convention for Life on Earth.”
In order to become Parties to the Nagoya Protocol, those Parties to the Convention that were not able to sign the Protocol by 1 February 2012 are invited to accede to it by depositing an instrument of accession with the Depositary.
The entry into force of the Nagoya Protocol will provide greater legal certainty and transparency for both providers and users of genetic resources, creating a framework that promotes the use of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge while strengthening the opportunities for fair and equitable sharing of benefits from their use. Hence, the Protocol will create new incentives to conserve biodiversity, sustainably use its components, and further enhance the contribution of biodiversity to sustainable development and human well-being.
The Global Environment Facility (GEF) has provided financial support for the early entry into force and effective implementation of the Nagoya Protocol. A medium-sized project of US$ 1 million is providing support to the ratification and early entry into force of the Protocol through a series of awareness-raising and capacity-building activities. The project is being executed by the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity.